Monday, 15 August 2016

Viki Sangre

Social Agroforestry Tree Species in India | System Impact Factors and Practices

The objective of social Agroforestry in India is to grow fast growing tree species and to raise plantation which is commercially valuable on all land other than traditional forestry practice available. The trees could provide firewood for the local population, fodder for cattle, pulpwood for the paper industry and act as windbreaks or shelterbelts as in the desert ecosystems.

Social Agroforestry also encourages people's participation on a large scale to create a human interest in preventing the forest from destruction.

Greening Mother Earth every inch and making it productive is the concept of Social Forestry. Social forestry includes plantation on a village, private and government lands roadsides, canal banks and on land unsuitable for agriculture.

It helps create plant resource genetic banks, nurseries and recreation parks. Polyculture (growing more than one tree species in the same land) is now thought of as a best practice.

Bring in native or non-native species of plants that provide not only timber but fodder and soil fertility by nitrogen fixation.


Best Tree Species For Agroforestry Systems And Practices

Some species of plants widely used for plantation through social forestry schemes are Acacia, Teak, Shishams Neem, Cassia Casuarina Eucalyptus, iDelonix, Ficus, Terminalia. Eucalyptus is fast growing and is used for pulp and paper industry. Social forestry aims at increasing the income and economic condition of farmers, hence fast growing trees with good size are chosen. In Goa, 4000 ha of land has been planted under this scheme, since its inception in 1984.

Modified social forestry is called Agroforestry.

The following schemes are being implemented by Forest Department of India under social forestry schemes.

1) Social and Farm Forestry: Plantation has been raised on barren community lands, roadsides. By this 2004 plantation in the 920-hectare area has been raised.

2) Rural Fuelwood and fodder project scheme: Plantation has been raised on barren community lands and temple lands. Central Govt. Shares 50% expenditure initially. By 2004, 4732-hectares plantation has done.

3)
Peoples Nursery: Nursery seedlings are raised through peoples/farmers. One rupee is paid for each seedling to the farmers. 6.00 lakh seedlings went raised through this scheme.

4)
Tourism Department plantation: Social Forestry Division also raises plantation for Tourism Dept. Especially on the beaches and roadside.