Sunday, 14 August 2016

Viki Sangre

Objectives of Joint Forest Management Programme in India

Joint forest Management (JFM) - The galloping rate of depletion of India's forest resources is a serious problem. Sustaining the forest resource base against the growing human and livestock population pressures, industrialization, urbanization, and overall economic development have earned a priority among the joint forest management regimens.

Apart from developmental pressure, the dependence of forest user groups is a crucial factor in the state of Indian forests. Forest conservation priorities cannot be determined in isolation from local people. This must be complemented by policies promoting sustainable and equitable development of the forest resource base as a whole. Sustainable forest management occurs when the level of exploitation resources is not greater than the ability of the ecosystem to replace it.

In acknowledgment of the above factor, the Ministry of Environment and Forests, Government of India, on 1 June 1990 issued policy guidelines for the involvement of village communities and voluntary agencies in the regeneration of degraded forest lands, under Joint Forest Management Programme (JFM).

What is Joint Forest Management and their objectives?

It is a concept of developing partnerships between the fringe forest user groups (local communities and tribal) and the Forest Department (FD). This partnership is on the basis of mutual trust and jointly defined roles and responsibilities with regard to forest protection and growth.

Under the JFM program, the users, and the owner manage the resource and shares the cost equitably.

The effective involvement of local people in the conservation of wildlife and their number is a significant approach in a joint forest management program.

The effective and meaningful involvement of local communities in evolving sustainable ecology and forest management systems is now believed as, a significant approach to address the longstanding problems of deforestation and soil erosion in India.

The linking of socioeconomic determinants and forest extension has been highly effective in attracting society participation. The involvement in various forest protection and developmental activities has made an encouraging impact on the social-economic and biophysical environment of JFM areas.

Currently, it is estimated that 13.34 million hectares of forest lands are being managed under the JFM program through 37089 committees in 23 states of India, under specific guidelines issued by the government on 21 Feb. 2000.