Saturday, 13 August 2016

Viki Sangre

Introduction in Conservation of Forest and Wildlife | Importance and Protection of Forest Habitat

Conservation is the protection of something which people perceive as being of value. It may be a conservation of forest and wildlife or any particular species.

By the time of June 1992 Earth Summit in Rio-de-Janeiro (Brazil), countries had developed a series of principles for forest conservation and its sustainable use. The Rio statement says the forest with their complex ecological processes, are essential to economic development and the maintenance of all forms of life. Forests are the source of wood, food and medicine and rich storehouses of several biological products yet to be discovered.

Forest effects on causing rainfall are important. Forest annihilation adds carbon dioxide to the atmosphere, triggering a rise in global temperature.

They act as reservoirs of water and carbon that would otherwise get into the atmosphere and act as a greenhouse gas. Forests are home to innumerable species of wildlife and with their peaceful greenery and sense of history fulfill human cultural and spiritual needs.

Steps Taken to Conserve Forest and Wildlife

  • All countries should participate in preserving Greenland of the world through a forest planting and conservation which help all habitats.
  • Countries have the right to use the forest for their social and economic development based on national policies consistent with sustainable development.
  • Forest resources should be managed to meet the social, economic, ecological, cultural, and spiritual needs of present and future generations.
  • Planted forests are environmentally sound sources of renewable energy and industrial raw materials. Re-plantation will provide employment.
  • The planning and implementation of national forest policies should involve all races of people, forest dwellers, indigenous people, industries, workers and nongovernmental organization (NGO).

Different Ways To Conserve Wildlife and Forest

Regional Forest Conservation

  • Avoid fragmenting large continuous forest tracts, these areas have the ability to support the largest number of forest-interior birds and provide habitat for sensitive species.
  • Develop a long-range forest management plan to protect forest resources.
  • In a region where public lands contain the majority of contiguous and management strategies for these forests to protect or minimal disturbance to compensate for habitat loss.

Local Forest Conservation

  • Attempt to concentrate disturbances of buildings, roads, campgrounds, other development along the edges and not the interior of forest blocks.
  • In areas with little forest or high level of disturbance, try to preserve even the smallest forest fragments to provide some habitat, and to provide important stopover sites for migrants.
  • When managing individual forest tracts for birds, consider the degree of isolation and vegetation structure.